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What is Disability in Special Education?



What is Disability in Special Education?

Category : Special Education / by

Special education is the practice of educating children with special needs in a way that addresses their discrete needs. It is systematically monitored and individually planned arrangement of accessible settings, teaching procedures, adapted equipment and materials and other designed interventions to help the learners with some special needs to achieve a high level of success in school or community and personal self-sufficiency.

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) has defined a specific learning disability as those disorders into one or more than one of the below-mentioned conditions:

  • Mental retardation
  • Serious emotional disturbance
  • Orthopedic impairment
  • Autism
  • Traumatic brain injury
  • Specific learning disability
  • Hearing impairment
  • Speech or language impairment
  • Visual impairment
  • Other health impairments

For children who have learning disabilities and attention issues in special education, here are some of the most relevant conditions.

Specific Learning Disability (SLD)

The term specific learning disability covers a distinct group of learning issues. Conditions in this group can affect a kid’s ability to write, listen, speak, do the math, or read. And some of the problems which can fall in this group are:

  • Dyslexia
  • Dysgraphia
  • Dyscalculia
  • Auditory processing disorder
  • Nonverbal learning disability

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

It is a developmental disorder which covers a wide variety of skills and symptoms, but it mainly affects a child’s communication and social skills. Also, this can impact their behaviour.

Emotional Disturbance

Emotional disturbance means when a child has numerous mental disorders like schizophrenia, anxiety disorder, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and bipolar disorder.

Speech or Language Impairment

This term covers the communication problems has several issues like impaired articulation, a language impairment or voice impairment or stuttering.


Children who have a diagnosis of deafness have an extreme hearing impairment, which means that they aren’t able to get the language by hearing.


Children having vision problems are counted to have a visual blindness problem, and it includes both partial blindness and sight.

Intellectual Disability

Those children who have this sort of disability have below-average intellectual abilities, including reduced social and communication skills. One example of mental capacity is down syndrome.

Traumatic Brain Injury

If your child has ever met with an accident or has any physical force problem, then they must be a victim of traumatic brain injury.

Multiple Disabilities

If a child has many disabilities, it means that they are facing more than one problem. And it creates the educational needs which cannot meet in a program for this condition.

If your kid has been found eligible for special education with these disabilities, then the next step is to create an Individualized education program. And if your kid is not in school age, then you may check the early intervention program.

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